The National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET), is the entrance exam conducted for MBBS and BDS programs in Indian medical and dental colleges. The National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts the NEET exam. NEET is a 3-hour pen and paper-based exam. It tests knowledge related to biology, chemistry, and physics. Previously known as All India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT). The exam is offered once a year. The score range is from -180 to +720 and the qualification rate is 56.44%. This exam occurs in various languages like Assamese, Bengali, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.
NEET is the most challenging single entrance exam in India for students who desire to pursue a career in the medical field. Students plan for a long time to crack the NEET examination. One has to opt for the science stream in class 11 so, need to get good marks in class 10. MBBS is the course that requires utmost determination. Numerous students start preparing from Class 11 only. Students spend a lot of money on coaching centers.
There is no limit to the number of attempts in this test.
The minimum age of the candidate should be 17 years completed at the time of admission or complete the age on or before the end of the year of his/her admission to the 1st year MBBS/BDS Course. There are a total of 355 MBBS and 300 Dental colleges have been listed by MCI.
NEET Exam pattern
NEET Exam comprises an aggregate of 180 questions in the test, in which 45 questions are from Physics, 45 from Chemistry, 45 from Botany, and 45 from Zoology. Each right answer gets 4 marks and each wrong answer gets – 1 negative marking. This exam is of a total of 720 marks.
Though In 2021, there was a slight change in the NEET exam pattern. The paper comprised of two sections: Section A and section B in each of the four subjects, i.e. Physics, Chemistry, Botany, and Zoology. Section A comprises 35 questions and Section B comprises 15 questions out of which 10 questions should be filled.
NEET Exam Syllabus and Important topics
Some basic principles of Organic chemistry
- Mole Concept And Molar Masses
- Stoichiometric Calculations
- Bohr model for a hydrogen atom
- Quantum mechanical model of the atom
Chemical bonding and molecular structure
- Valence Bond theory
- The valence shell electron pair repulsion theory
- Ideal and non-ideal solutions
- Colligative properties
- Ionization of acids and bases
- Solubility Equilibria of sparingly soluble salts
- Bonding in coordination compounds
- Stability of coordination compounds
In Organic Chemistry
Some basic principles and techniques
- Isomerism and fundamental concepts in an organic reaction mechanism
Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers
- Properties of alcohols and properties of phenols
- The motion of System Of Particles and Rigid Body
- Properties of bulk matter
- Oscillations and Waves
- Current Electricity
- Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
- Electronic devices
- Questions from different types of algae and their pigments
- General characters of pteridophytes and gymnosperms
- General features of Monera, Protista, Fungi
Structural organization in plants and animals
- Root, stem, and leaf anatomy
- Animals tissues and their functions, specifically epithelial tissues
Cell: Structure & Functions
- Mycoplasma, nucleus, chromosomes, ribosomes, chloroplast, and mitochondria
- Meiosis – Prophase I
- C3, C4 cycle
- Kranz anatomy
- Glycolysis and Krebs cycle
- ETS complexes
- Transpiration pull
- Bulk movement in Phloem
- Mineral deficiency & Nitrogen cycle
- All topics specifically diagrams are very important
- Gametogenesis in plants
- Gametogenesis in humans
- Reproductive structures in plants and animals
- Polyembryony, Parthenocarpy, apomixis
- Menstrual cycle
Genetics & evolution
- Dihybrid cross, linkage
- Pedigree analysis
- Genetic disorders
- Darwinism and natural selection
- Human evolution
- Process and applications
- BT cotton, RNAi, Human insulin, Gene therapy, molecular diagnostics
Biology in human welfare
- Human immunity
- AIDS, Cancer
Ecology and environment
- Environmental issues
- Biogeochemical cycles
- Population interactions
How to Prepare for NEET Exam
Some tips to score well in the NEET examination are:
- Set a Goal
Firstly It is very important to set a goal, to know what you want because then only you can concentrate and make further plans to achieve that goal. Here, the goal is not only referred to as the clearing entrance test but to set small goals daily. Make a timetable and work accordingly, decide which topic is to be covered today and what to cover in a week. Manage time, students have many things to do like boards exams, school projects, semester exams, coaching classes, etc., so it gets difficult for them to manage everything.
- Solve Sample Papers
Solving Sample Papers is going to help for NEET preparation. Sample papers give you an idea about the actual exam pattern. To test how much they prepared, which topic they need to revise more, students should solve sample papers. By giving mock tests students also learn to manage time effectively.
- Practice Past Year papers
There is a very good saying that practice makes a man perfect. The more you practice the better you will become. Practicing Past year papers enhances students’ knowledge. By solving the past question papers one gets to know which type of questions are being asked in the NEET exam. Students also get an idea about the important topics to study. Most of the times questions are repeated or some similar questions come in exams. So students should practice the previous year’s question papers. After solving the paper one can also check it from the answer key. You can find past year papers online by searching E.g.: NEET Question Paper 2018 with Solutions.
- Read NCERT
The most preferred book for boards, as well as NEET preparation, is NCERT. It is the best source for basic knowledge. To manage the NEET exam, many questions are based on NCERT. This book provides a better understanding of every concept in easy language. Read and learn every line of this book, diagrams, charts by heart. Mark the important points and practice the diagrams.
- Make Notes
Make your notes. Write down the important points of the topic you study. Notes are helpful for revision. Students can’t read whole chapters again and again so it gets easier if they make notes for important topics. Also, write all the formulas on a separate paper to learn them.